History of the Montréal Botanical Garden
Brother Marie-Victorin, a brother of the Christian
Schools and President of the Société de
Biologie de Montréal, gives a speech in which he
proposes that a Botanical Garden should be created in
Montréal. In the audience is Camilien Houde, the
city's forward-thinking mayor and one of his former students.
The Association du Jardin Botanique de
Montréal is founded by the Société
de Biologie de Montréal.
Official year for the foundation of the Montréal Botanical Garden.
- March 12. Work starts on the Garden, enabling Camilien
Houde to provide jobs for unemployed workers in
Montréal hit hard by the Great Depression.
- Architect Lucien F. Kéroack designs the administration building
in the Art Deco style.
- A small administration pavilion (which today fronts
the administration building),
service greenhouse and heating plant are built.
- January 16. Camilien Houde is ousted as mayor and work on the Garden
stals for the next four years. The site is left in disorder
and the greenhouses are even turned into a rabbit hutch!
Brother Marie-Victorin's book Flore Laurentienne, is
officially launched. Taking advantage of the fact that Camilien
Houde, recently re-elected mayor of Montréal, is
in the audience, Marie-Victorin reiterates the City's need
for a Botanical Garden. One passage from his speech remains
"We will soon be celebrating Montréal's three hundredth
anniversary. You need to give a gift, a royal gift, to the City,
our city. But Montréal is Ville-Marie, a woman...and you
certainly can't give her a storm sewer or a police station...It's
obvious what you must do! Give her a corsage for her lapel. Fill her
arms to overflowing with all the roses and lilies of the field!"
- May 6. The Botanical Garden springs to life once again!
is appointed Director. Henry Teuscher, a famous American botanist,
horticulturalist and landscape architect, with whom Marie-Victorin had
been working on the plans for the Garden by correspondence for several years
already, is appointed Chief
Horticulturalist. If Marie-Victorin is the founder of the Garden,
Teuscher is its
first designer. Work recommences and 2,000 men are hired.
The main building goes up, according to the original plans drawn
by architect Lucien F. Kéroack.
Greenhouses for growing and maintaining the Garden's collections are built.
- July 15. Death of Marie-Victorin, who dies from injuries suffered
in a car crash.
A statue of Marie-Victorin is unveiled.
The exhhibition greenhouses are built.
The Arboretum is created.
The Société d'animation du Jardin et de l'Institut botaniques (now the Friends of the Garden) is founded.
The Rose Garden is built.
- Montréal City hosts the Floralies Internationales de Montréal.
- Mr. Pierre Bourque becomes director of the Montréal Botanical Garden.
The Japanese Garden is built and open.
The Japanese Pavilion is built and open.
- The Insectarium is open.
- The Chinese Garden is built.
The Chinese Garden is open.
- The Forest of the Montréals of France is created.
- The Butterfly tent opens.
Mr. Pierre Bourque retires as director of the Botanical Garden.
The Reception Centre and the Molson Hospitality Greenhouse open.
- The Chlorophyll Room opens.
- The Tree House opens.
- Fuji Pavilion opens.
- Administration building is renovated.
Courtyard of the Senses opens.
First-Nations Garden opens.
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Last updated : 2006 06 23
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