Chapter 6 IntroductionHochelaga 1500-1642Ville-Marie 1642-1665French Empire 1699-1763Small French Town 1665-1760Conquered City 1760-1800British Commercial Takeover 1800-1850Industrial City 1850-1896Canada's Metropolis 1896-1914North-American City 1914-1929Depression and War 1930-1945Modern City 1945-1960Québec's Metropolis 1960-1992ConclusionQuizEducational Resources

A commercial metropolis

A changing

A new face for
the city

City management

Chapter 6 / BRITISH COMMERCIAL TAKEOVER / A new face for the city  Previous pageNext page
A new face for the city  

The early-19th century demolition of Montréal’s fortifications had many beneficial effects: rivers were channelled, and streets and squares were laid out, including the Champ de Mars and the New Market, which would later become Place Jacques-Cartier.

The city, much larger now, was divided into districts, or wards. St. Anne’s Market, built in 1833, would house the Parliament of Canada from 1844 to 1849, the year when Tory rioters would set it on fire in protest of a law intended to compensate victims of the 1837 38 Rebellions. In 1845, construction began on Bonsecours Market, an imposing structure which would later serve as City Hall and a public market.

Merchants built multi-storied warehouse-stores along Rue Saint-Paul, while Rue Notre Dame became the main thoroughfare for retailers and Rue Saint-Jacques housed financial institutions. Buildings in Old Montréal were made of grey limestone from the island’s substratum. Wooden houses and homes with pitched roofs in the old French style still predominated in the faubourgs.

Notre-Dame Street
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