Canadian Historical Portraits
Canadian Historical Portraits Ville de Montréal
Jeanne Mance
You are here: Home > Timeline


1534 Discovery of Canada by Jacques Cartier.
1604 Samuel de Champlain set up a post on Sainte-Croix Island, then moved to Port-Royal the following year, thus marking the true beginning of French colonization in North America.
1608 Founding of Québec by Samuel de Champlain.
1642 Founding of Montréal by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve.
1670 Founding of The Hudson’s Bay Company in London, England, granting it a large portion of North America, named Rupert’s Land.
1713 Under the Treaty of Utrecht, France ceded all claims to Acadia, Newfoundland and the Hudson Bay area to Britain.
1759 The British conquer the city of Québec.
1760 Montréal surrenders to the British.
1763 The Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years’ War, and marked the end of the French Empire in North America. Only the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon along the coast of Newfoundland were retained by France. Acadia is now referred to as Nova Scotia.
1769 St. John Island (renamed Prince Edward Island in 1799) separates from Nova Scotia.
1784 New Brunswick and Cape Breton Island are created from the territory of Nova Scotia.
1791 The territory of the province of Québec is divided to form Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
1837-1838 The Russell Resolutions sparked the Rebellions of the Patriotes in Lower Canada and of the Reformers in Upper Canada.
1840 The Durham Report leads to the union of Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada.
1866 Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia, formerly separate colonies, are now one.
1867 The union of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Québec and Ontario, in the united Province of Canada, is achieved under the new name of Dominion of Canada, in accordance with the British North America Act.
1869 The Métis of Red River, led by Louis Riel, take up arms against the Canadian government.
1870 The Canadian government took over Rupert’s Land and created the province of Manitoba, but retained rights on Crown land. The vast remaining territory now forms the Northwest Territories.
1871 British Columbia joins Confederation.
1873 Prince Edward Island joins Confederation.
1885 Uprising of the Métis and Aboriginal people from the West and execution of Louis Riel.
1905 The federal government creates the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan from part of the Northwest Territories, but retains rights to Crown land.
1914 Canada enters World War I.
1917 The federal government introduces conscription.
1930 Ottawa yields rights to Crown land in the Western Provinces to the Prairie Provinces.
1940 Canada joins the Allies in World War II.
1944 Ottawa restores conscription.
1949 Newfoundland becomes the last province to join Canada.
Français | Contact us | Site map | Credits | Archives de Montréal | Search

All rights reserved, Ville de Montréal