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Biography of Jacques Rousseau

Jacques Rousseau in 1945 Jacques Rousseau was born in 1905 in Saint-Lambert, Québec, the third in a family of 14 children, son of Lacasse Rousseau and Gabrielle Fafard. In 1934, he married Madeleine Aquin, with whom he has three children, Lise in 1935, François in 1937 and Jérôme in 1947. He died in Saint-Donat, Québec, in 1970.

He earned a Bachelor of Arts from the Université de Montreal in June 1926, a Bachelor of Science in May 1928 and a PhD in March 1934.

During his studies he was teaching assistant to Brother Marie-Victorin and participated in research activities before becoming a lecturer for the Institute of Botany, University of Montreal in 1928.

At the Botanical Garden, he is first appointed in 1931 as deputy director and then director in 1945 after the death of Marie-Victorin. He remained there until 1956.

Subsequently, Jacques Rousseau became the first director of the Museum of Man in Ottawa (1956-1959) and professor at the Université de Paris (1959-1962) and then Director of Research at the Centre d'études nordiques (Centre for Northern Studies) of Université Laval in Québec City (1962-1970).

Jacques Rousseau has received several awards for his work and his many publications, both scientific and popular.


Couture, P. et C. Laverdière, 2000. Jacques Rousseau. Édition XYZ, Montréal. 176 pages. (Les Grandes Figures)

Laverdière, C. et N. Carette, 1999. Jacques Rousseau 1905-1970 Bio-bibliographie. Les Presses de l'Université Laval, Sainte-Foy. 416 pages.

To learn more:
La Société Provancher d'histoire naturelle, 2005. Jacques Rousseau.
( Document PDF en ligne)

Photographs are presented by destination and date of the travel.
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First album: Anticosti, Summer 1942.

Last Update: 2014-06-18
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