Chapter 9 IntroductionHochelaga 1500-1642Ville-Marie 1642-1665French Empire 1699-1763Small French Town 1665-1760Conquered City 1760-1800British Commercial Takeover 1800-1850Industrial City 1850-1896Canada's Metropolis 1896-1914North-American City 1914-1929Depression and War 1930-1945Modern City 1945-1960Québec's Metropolis 1960-1992ConclusionQuizEducational Resources

The First World War

A painful adjustment

The return of growth

A better life

Chapter 9 / NORTH- AMERICAN CITY / The return of growth  Previous pageNext page
The return of growth  

Between 1921 and 1931, the city’s population grew from 619,000 to 819,000. The population on the Island reached a million people.

In this ever-expanding city, new neighbourhoods swelled with thousands of homes. An efficient tramway system brought workers to their jobs and housewives to commercial thoroughfares, mainly Rue Saint-Catherine. New skyscrapers modeled on American style architecture altered the landscape. Construction began on educational institutions and hospitals.

The 1920s were characterized by an increasing concentration of financial power, which restricted most French-speaking business owners to small and medium-sized ventures.

White-collar workers formed a new social entity, which grew exponentially. Thousands of clerks, secretaries, telephone operators and accountants transformed Montréal’s labour force, previously characterized by its large working class.

Léa Roback
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