Democracy in Montreal from 1830 to the present / ExhibitDemocracy in Montreal from 1830 to the present / Exhibit

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1642 Foundation of Montréal.
1642-1760 French governors administration.
1760-1796 British governors administration.
1796-1833 Justices of the peace administration.
1833 (June 3) The City of Montréal charter came into effect and first election.
1833 (June 5) City council chose Jacques Viger as the first mayor of Montréal.
1833 (19 juillet) The first coat of arms and the motto “Concordia Salus” were adopted by the city council.
1836-1840 The first charter was not renewed.
1837-1838 Rebellions in Lower and Upper Canada.

Second incorporation of Montréal.
Peter McGill, second mayor of Montréal

1849 Édouard-Raymond Fabre, patriot and bookseller, sixth mayor.
1852 Mayor Charles Wilson is chosen by the electors.
1874 Establishment of aldermen committees who took over the management of municipal departments.

Doctor William Hales Hingston, 16th  mayor of Montréal.
Reorganization of the health department

1878 Inauguration of city hall, designed by architects Henri-Maurice Perrault and Alexander C. Hutchison.
1883 First annexation to Montréal : the city of Hochelaga.
1885 Journalist Honoré Beaugrand, 18th mayor of Montréal.
1886 Annexation of the city of Saint-Jean-Baptiste.

John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, 19th mayor of Montréal and third prime minister of Canada in 1891 until 1892.
Annexation of the village of Saint-Gabriel.

1889 The right to vote was granted to certain categories of women, namely women of age and widows who were owners and adoption of the secret  vote.
1893 Annexation of the city of Côte Saint-Louis.
1899 The right to vote was granted to tenants.
1905 Annexation of the village of Villeray, the city of Saint-Henri and the city of Sainte-Cunégonde.
1908 Annexation of the city of Notre-Dame-des-Neiges.

Cannon inquiry on the city administration and establishment of the Board of Commissioners.
Annexation of the village de Lorimier and the city of Saint-Louis.

1910 Annexation of the following municipalities : village of Rosemont, village of Ahuntsic, city of Côte-des-Neiges, village of Beaurivage de la Longue-Pointe, city of Bordeaux, city of Saint-Paul, city of Longue-Pointe, ville Émard, village of Tétreaultville de Montréal and city of Notre-Dame de Grâce.

Médéric Martin, 32th maire de Montréal, from 1914 to 1924 and from 1926 to 1928.
Beginning of the First World War.

1916 Annexation of the city of Cartierville and the city of Sault-au-Récollet.
1917 Inauguration of the Municipal library by Joseph-Jacques-Césaire Joffre, maréchal de France.

Trusteeship by the Québec government.
Annexation of the city of Maisonneuve.
End of the First World War.

1921 Advent of the executive comittee.
1922 Fire at city hall.
1926 Inauguration of the new city hall.
1928 Camillien Houde, 34th mayor of Montréal, from 1928 to 1930, 1934 to 1936, 1938 to 1940 and from 1944 to 1954.
1930 (années...) Great Depression.
1931 Establishment of the Botanical Garden.
1934 The right to vote was extended to married women owners and married women under the regime of separation as to property.
1938 Modification of the coat of arms.

Visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Montréal.
Beginning of the Second World War.


Camillien Houde was arrested on August 5 by the RCMP for his opposition to conscription.
Trusteeship by the Québec governement and new political regime.
City council now comprised 99 councillors (Class A councillors, elected by owners, Class B councillors chosen by taxpayers, namely owners and tenants, and Class C delegates appointed by 13 city associations and agencies). 
Three women sat in city council.

1942 Tercentenary of Montréal.
1944 Camillien Houde was released from prison camp and was re-elected mayor. He was nicknamed «Monsieur Montréal».
1945 End of the Second World War.
1949 The mayor gained the right to sit on the executive committee.
1950-1954 Board of inquiry presided over by Judge François Caron on police activities.
1951 Establishment of the Civic Action League.
1954 Victory of the Civic Action League with the election of Jean Drapeau as mayor.
1957 Election of Sarto Fournier as mayor of Montréal

Jean Drapeau withdrew from the Civic Action League, founded the Civic Party of Montréal and was re-elected mayor.
Abolition of Class C.
Mayor Jean Drapeau et Lucien Saulnier, chair of the executive committee, launched the «One island, one city » concept.

1962 Abolition of Class A councillors.

Start of development work on the islands for the 1967 World Exhibition.
Annexation of the city of Rivière-des-Prairies.

1964 Annexation of the village of Saraguay.
1966 Inauguration of the metro.
1967 World Exhibition (expo 67).
1968 Annexation of the city of Saint-Michel.

Establishment of the Montréal urban community.
Universal suffrage for the municipal election and October crisis.

1974 Establishment of the Montréal Citizens Movement.
1976 XXI Olympic Games
1978 Justine Sentenne, first woman to sit on the executive committee.

Municipal political parties were officially recognized.
Floralies internationales de Montréal.


Annexation of the city of Pointe-aux-Trembles.


The Montréal Citizens Movement won the election and Jean Doré became the 39th mayor of Montréal.
An oral questions period is established.

1992 350th anniversary of Montréal.
1994 Vision Montréal won the election and Pierre Bourque became the 40th mayor of Montréal.
1999 Mayor Pierre Bourque re-launched the «One island, one city» concept.

The Montreal Island Citizens Union won the election and Gérald Tremblay became the 41th mayor of Montréal.
Integration of the Montréal urban community to the new city.

2002 New city of Montréal.
2003 Election of the Liberal Party of Québec and adoption of bill 9 on the consultation of citizens with respect to the territorial reorganization of certain municipalities.
2004 (May 16 to 20) Tenue de registres sur le territoire de chacune des 28 anciennes municipalités de l’île de Montréal.
2004 (June 20) Referendum within 22 former municipalities : 15 of them chose to reconstitute.
2005 (November 6) Gérald Tremblay is re-elected as mayor of Montréal.
2006 (January 1st)

New city of Montréal and establishment of the agglomeration council.

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